Population Of Karachi BiographySource (google.com.pk)
Population influx in Karachi is causing alarming environment pollutions and health hazards, making the life of people miserable.
The people from all provinces of Pakistan are settling in the metropolis for jobs and other businesses, raising population to alarming level and enhancing air, sea and water pollution. The natural resources like water are depleting, causing trouble to citizens.
Due to population explosion, people have been compelled to drink polluted water as a result, majority of them have been affected by water-borne diseases like diarrhea and vomiting.
Karachi has an estimated population of 23.5 million people as of April 2013, and is the 3rd largest populous city in the world. There is no significant outcome by the government to control population rise as a result, resources in the city are declining while pollutions of almost all kinds are rising gradually. There is urgent need to control population in the city.
According to National Forum for Environment and Health , Karachi generates 25 tons of garbage on daily basis, of which only 25 percent is being disposed of. It said streets of the city have become a dumping site for garbage, except for the posh areas as the local bodies are not discharging their duties properly.
Malir and Lyari Rivers have been encroached at many places and huge quantity of garbage is being dumped in them, causing sea pollution. It is irony that rainwater drains are being used for dumping garbage rather than ensuring smooth flow of sewerage. This all is the duty of Sindh and provincial government to treat sewerage before allowing their release in the sea which is breeding ground for fish and other sea life.
Original home of Pakistan's film and music industries, Karachi
in the 1980s made more films and exported them to more countries than
Hollywood. It houses the very latest in modern technology. The city works and
sleeps in a haze of brick dust as buildings barely 30 years old are
relentlessly torn down and replaced with something more up to date. The
population of seven, maybe eight, million now extends over several hundred
square kilometres along the coast and into the desert, residing in modern
apartment blocks, prestigious cooperative housing societies called "Colonies",
seaside mansions and sprawling shanty towns on the outskirts, areas of such
appalling poverty that it is difficult to see how residents will ever be
extricated from their plight. Working 16 hours a day, poor youths toil like
slaves, earning a pittance to produce elegant costume for the city's elite.
Economic Survey of Pakistan 2012-13 states Pakistan is sixth most populous country in the world with an estimated population of 184.35 million in 2012-2013. The growth rate of population during 2012-2013 is 2.0 percent. Under current circumstances, it is expected that Pakistan will attain fifth position in the world in terms of total population in 2050.
It says population density in Pakistan is 231 in 2012-13. Due to uneven distribution of population, its density in Pakistan varies dramatically, ranging from scarcely populated arid areas, especially in Balochistan to some of the highest urban densities like Karachi and Lahore.
The global warming and change in seasonal and monsoon patterns could also cause more heavy rains in the city like in the past, and pollut the atmosphere in the city as rainwater drains are filled with garbage. There is need to implement environment laws to ensure safe environment in the megalopolis.
Owing to rise in vehicles in the city, the smoke pollution has also jumped to an alarming level. Resultantly, people are facing respiratory diseases. All major arteries of the city generate high levels of smoke in air, but authorities concerned seemed negligence to overcome air pollution. Smoke pollution is not only hitting men, women and elders but also children.