Map Karachi BiographySource (google.com.pk)
Karachi is the largest city, seaport and the financial capital of Pakistan. It is the twentieth largest city of the world in terms of metropolitan population, and is Pakistan's premier centre of banking, industry, and trade. Karachi is also the home of Pakistan's largest corporations that are involved in entertainment, arts, fashion, advertising, publishing, software development and medical research. It also serves as a major hub of higher education in South Asia, and the wider Islamic World .
Karachi enjoys its prominent position due to its geographical location on a bay, making it the financial capital of the country. It is one of the fastest growing cities of South Asia. It was the original capital of Pakistan until the construction of Islamabad, and is the location of the Port of Karachi and nearby Port Bin Qasim, one of the region's largest and busiest ports. The city's population has increased dramatically after the Partition of British India forced hundreds of thousands of Urdu speaking "Mohajirs" (refugees from India) to settle in the city. Since independence from Britain in 1947, the city's vibrant economy has attracted migrants from all over Pakistan, surrounding countries such as Iran, Tajikistan, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and further beyond. Despite a history of political turmoil, the city continues to attract those seeking prosperity and has shown consistent growth.
Karachi city is spread over 3,530 km² (1,363 sq mi) in area. It is locally known as the "City of Lights" for its liveliness, and the "City of the Quaid", having been the birth and burial place of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, who also made the city his home after Pakistan's independence.
View the google map of Karachi with earth and satellite map views. To search places, restaurants, hotels, schools, colleges and tourist destinations etc in Karachi map, use the search function within the map. To find other cities or locations in Pakistan or across the world, use our comprehensive list of locations.
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Karachi is now among the ten top ranking largest cities in the world. In 2005, thepopulation of Karachi was estimated at 15.1 million which is expected to reach27.5 million mark by 2020. The number of households in 2005 was about 2.1million and by 2020 it would increase to 3.9 million, which means an increase of1.77 million households, at an average size of 7 persons per household. Even atdecreasing average annual growth rate (from 4.15 percent in 2005 to 3.5 percentin 2020), the increase in absolute terms is staggering and will put heavy pressureon the physical, infrastructure, financial and institutional systems of the city.A large segment of Karachi’s population, roughly 40 percent, is afflicted withpoverty. The living conditions of the deprived section and its economic well beingare therefore a major concern, as these impact the environment and growthpotential of the city.Karachi’s population is diversified in terms of ethnicity and economic conditions.Apart from in-migrants from Pakistan’s provinces, a large number of migrantsfrom Afghanistan, Bangladesh and other South Asian countries have settled inthe city.With an average monthly household income of Rs.15000 (US$250), there isconsiderable variation in income distribution. Roughly 75 percent of thehouseholds fall in the category of poor and low income groups, and 25 percentconstitute the middle and high income
The metropolitan economy is fast growing at an impressive rate, probablysomewhat higher than the national GDP growth rate of 6-7 percent per annum.The main economic sectors contributing to the city’s GDP are: trade andcommerce, manufacturing, transport, including ports, air port and shipping, realestate, construction, and services.The economic base is increasingly shifting from manufacturing to services.Manufacturing growth is slowing due to security problems, inadequate electricalpower supply, and high informal payments required to establish and maintain abusiness. As a result, manufacturing’s share of metropolitan output hasdecreased from 37 percent in 1985 to 18 percent today. In the meantime, theservice industries have been growing recently at about 8 percent yearly and nowrepresent a substantial part of gross metropolitan product. Growth has beenparticularly strong in trade (wholesale and retail) and banking and financialservices; the latter has witnessed the arrival of a large number of internationalbanks, the emergence of exchange companies, and a boom in the stock marketand consequently in stock brokering, investment management, and financialadvice. ICT businesses, such as back office support functions and to a lesser
extent software development, are also growing and have the potential to becomecornerstones of the future economy of Karachi. Strong growth in real estatedevelopment and construction has been driven primarily by increased disposableincome and significant in-flows of investment capital from the Gulf states.The future of Karachi’s economy lies primarily in the growth of the tertiarysectors. Serving its own residents and those of much of Pakistan, Karachi willexpand and consolidate its role as the financial, trade, and transport hub of thecountry. Knowledge-based industries and real estate and construction sectorswill also play major supporting roles in the future economic growth of the city.
2.3 Land Use and Urban Growth
The city of Karachi has grown from the old town and the port at the sea outwardsalong radial avenues that connect all city segments to the port. There are a fewmeans of circumferential movements. The CBD of Karachi, located in Saddar,Jamshed and Keamari towns, represents a huge concentration of retail tradeestablishments, wholesale markets, warehouses, business offices, banks,financial and commercial institutions, transport terminals like truck and busstands, etc. More than 50 percent of the city’s jobs or employment are found inthis section of the inner city. Since the CBD is the most preferred location formost businesses, there is heavy pressure for commercial space. As a result,congestion, over crowding, and heavy traffic movements, punctuated by regulartraffic jams and air pollution, are prevalent features. De-congestion of the CBDand a few adjoining parts poses a challenge that would require a well thought outstrategic initiative involving a major regeneration and up-gradation scheme toensure convenient access, safe, undisturbed pedestrian movements, and healthyor pollution-free environment, and increased commercial space through welldesigned/regulated densification.The inner city is manifestly the historic Karachi, containing, as it does, its proudpossession of an array of historic structures, the heritage buildings, protectedand preserved under the Sindh Cultural Heritage Act 1994. Along the BundarRoad, stand the oldest Mandir, the Mereweather Tower, the KMC Building,Khaliq Dina Hall, the old Sindh Assembly Building, whereas the Lea Market,Spencer Eye Hospital, and residential quarters of Napier street and PakistanChowk mark the historic quarters of the city. Conservation of the historicbuildings and building a compatible environment around them must be anessential component of urban renewal schemes for regeneration of the inner city.As the Karachi economy is growing; the space requirements/needs of thegrowing economic activities will have to be taken care of through appropriateallocation of land or developed space in suitable locations where these can growin an harmonious relationship with the rest of the city. In particular, the demandfor industrial space for manufacturing is increasing despite several adversefactors, for example, power shortage, or high cost of doing business. To meet theneeds of this important sector new industrial parks or zone will have to beplanned.